On May 23, Alabama Republican Congressman Jo Bonner said he will resign from Congress on August 15, 2013. Therefore, the state will hold a special election in the First District soon afterwards.
Bonner was re-elected with no ballot-listed opponent in 2012. In 2010, his only opponent on the November ballot was Constitution Party nominee David Walter. Walter polled 16.96% in that two-candidate race. The Constitution Party is well-organized in the First District and it is plausible the party will now launch a petition drive to get on the ballot for the upcoming special election. Any unqualified party is free to work on such a petition at any time, without having to wait until it has chosen a candidate. The petition is a party petition, not a petition that names the nominee. The nominee is chosen later after the petition succeeds.