On November 16, the independent candidate who is challenging North Carolina’s petition requirements for independent U.S. House candidates filed this brief with the U.S. Court of Appeals, 4th circuit. The law requires a petition signed by 4% of the number of registered voters. No independent candidate has ever appeared on a North Carolina government-printed ballot for that office. However, the U.S. District Court upheld the law because it is believed that an independent candidate petition did succeed this year. However, the petition was for a candidate who then refused to run. The petition had been sponsored by the Service Employees International Union, which has a great deal of resources and which probably spent between $50,000 and $100,000 on the drive.